whether your selfie master with the latest smartphone or you have new camera to break in and want to get the best out of it, this article aims to be the place you learn to do that!
to go over some basics, these are also important for the smartphone users too, if you’re serious on getting the best photo you phone can handle, there are a few buzz words in photography that are often advertised.
- Aperture – a hugely important aspect of photography, the Aperture is the size of the hole of the lens in relation to how far away the hole is to the sensor. Aperture is measured in f/stops (e.g. f22, or f1.8) the smaller the number the bigger the hole is. If you have a small aperture everything will focus (pin hole cameras have apertures so small that they essentially don’t need a lens). Direct sources of light like the sun will also turn star shaped. If you have a large aperture you will get a much brighter image, the star effect will be no more but you will get depth of field
- Depth of field – how much of your photo is in focus, this is where the phone cameras and the big heft DSLR differ, f2.0 on a phone will have almost no background blur, however f2.0 on a DSLR will give you a wonderful “bokeh” effect, those blobs of color in the background blur (aperture’s an old standard from back when they used 35mm film so it kind of falls apart on smaller cameras and phones but it still controls the brightness of the image)
- shutter speed – controls how fast the sensor records data, most DSLRs can go from 1/4000th of a second to 30 seconds to take a photo, not all cameras are as flexible, the longest my iPhone 6s will let me expose for is 1/3rd of a second (you’ll also have to download a manual camera app for iPhone btw). Obviously 1/4000th of a second is going to be darker than 30 seconds, and you’ll probably need a tripod for anything more than a 1/5th of a second
- ISO – this determines how clean or noisy an image is, taking pictures of people in low light condition generally require higher ISO settings
- composition – most cameras offer a grid setting this is to help you to decide where the focus of your image is going to be
In the next article, we’ll talk about where some good places in Limerick are for your new-found knowledge and how to deal with different light situations